Yonsea Farm, Hothfield, Kent. Archaeological analysis during dismantling.
The Oxford Archaeological Unit (OAU) carried out a programme of archaeological recording at Yonsea Farm, Hothfield (NGR TQ 9850 4505) for Union Railways (South) Limited (URS). The farmstead comprised a number of Grade II listed buildings and other nonlisted structures: The Farmhouse, The Oasts, The Loose Boxes, The Toll Cottage, The Granary and Cart Sheds, The Cowsheds and Stables, The Barn. Due to the construction of the Channel Tunnel Rail Link, the buildings were to be dismantled for re-erection at the South of England Rare Breeds Centre, Woodchurch by the Traditional Buildings Preservation Trust (the Trust). OAU carried out a detailed survey of the farmhouse kitchen which had surviving features including a bread oven, range and double copper. In addition to this, a watching brief was carried out during the controlled demolition of the buildings. After the buildings had been removed, the site was further investigated by means of an archaeological evaluation. Both prior to and during the demolition, Rail Link Engineering (RLE) and the Trust commissioned and carried out substantial recording including measured surveys, rectified photography, historical research, oral history, video footage and general photography (Appendix C provides an index to the archive). The work carried out by OAU was therefore designed to augment that of the Trust and RLE, to inform the rebuilding of the complex and to record any information about the buildings that came to light during the controlled demolition.