Land at Mosshayne Farm, Pinhoe, Devon. Archaeological Evaluation
An archaeological evaluation was undertaken by Cotswold Archaeology in January 2015 for CgMs Consulting Limited on behalf of Eagle One Limited at the 45.12 hectare site of Mosshayne Farm, Tithebarn Lane, Pinhoe, Devon.
A total of 12 trial trenches were excavated on the location of known geophysical anomalies and aerial photographic evidence as a first phase of archaeological evaluation of the site. The evaluation has established that there is a generally good correlation between recorded archaeological features and both geophysical anomalies and aerial photographic evidence from earlier investigations of the site.
Two curvilinear features, one located in Trench 5 and the other in Trench 6 are, based on their morphology, of possible Neolithic/Bronze Age date. That recorded in Trench 6 is quite possibly the remains of a barrow ditch. were recorded, one of which did not correlate with a very distinctive crop mark from aerial photographs (Trench 5). A substantially ditched, sub-square Roman farmstead/enclosure or settlement was recorded in the northwest of the site (Trenches 1 and 3), within the limits of which, at least one roundhouse structure (Trench 2), as illustrated by curvilinear gullies was recorded.
A field system of regular, small bounded fields was recorded in the west of the site (Trenches 7, 9, 10, 11). Though undated, the morphology and orientation of the system might suggest a later prehistoric or Roman date. This more regularised exploitation of the land would also fit with wider patterns of evidence of the Iron Age and Roman periods recorded in a number of archaeological investigations in the area in the recent past. Investigations of field boundary ditches noted on earlier mapping and in the geophysical survey were proven during the evaluation and dated to the 16th - 18th centuries, though some may be medieval in origin.