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St Sidwells Well

Type: Sites and monuments databases or inventories Publisher: Archaeology Data Service

One of the perennial springs of St Sidwell’s parish, St Sidwell’s well was traditionally taken to represent the site of the saint’s martyrdom (Swanton 1986, 8). The well was tapped for the first Cathedral water supply system in the late 12th century (Henderson 1999, 489), and continued in...

ORIGINAL NORTHERN GATEHOUSE TO THE CASTLE

Type: Sites and monuments databases or inventories Publisher: Archaeology Data Service

This tower, with associated structures, was demolished on the construction of the present court building on the northern edge of the inner ward of the castle in 1774. Jenkins (who was probably writing from personal memory) described it as follows: ‘Those venerable remains of ancient fort...

Higher Leat (11th century)

Type: Sites and monuments databases or inventories Publisher: Archaeology Data Service

The Higher Leat is traditionally accepted to date to the early 12th century (Hoskins 1960, 24-5). The construction of the Exe Bridge c.1200 marks the stabilization of the large shingle bank on the east side of the flood plain later known as Exe Island and provides the conditions suitable...

SNAYLE TOWER

Type: Sites and monuments databases or inventories Publisher: Archaeology Data Service

Snayle Tower was a semi-circular bastion at the western corner of the city wall, presumably of the 13th century (by analogy with the other such bastions on the circuit). Foundations of the tower were seen in a watching brief on the site in 1980 (Recognition Event No. 163). The tower appe...

JOHNS TOWER

Type: Sites and monuments databases or inventories Publisher: Archaeology Data Service

On the north-east side of the castle enclosure, this tower, along with other semi-circular bastions on the circuit of the city wall, was probably added sometime in the 13th century. Such a date would be consistent with the form of the tower (semi-circular with shallow pilaster buttresses)...

CHAPTER HOUSE OF EXETER CATHEDRAL

Type: Sites and monuments databases or inventories Publisher: Archaeology Data Service

The Chapter House was constructed in the early 13th century, following reforms to the organisation of the chapter of the cathedral (including the creation of the offices of dean and chancellor: Erskine et al. 1988, 19-20). It was built on a plot of land given by Bishop Brewer from his own...

BANK OF INNER WARD, EXETER CASTLE

Type: Sites and monuments databases or inventories Publisher: Archaeology Data Service

A substantial earthwork bank, surrounding the south west and south east sides of the inner ward of the castle. Between 25-28m wide, and approximately 8m high. As the bank, along with its ditch (Monument No. 11014), is fundamental to the defence of the castle, established in 1068, and und...

THE CITY WALL AT THIS PERIOD

Type: Sites and monuments databases or inventories Publisher: Archaeology Data Service

The period 1068-1300 is one in which there is little specific knowledge of activity on the city wall. The principal source for detailed knowledge of work on the wall, the Receivers’ Accounts do not begin until the early 14th century (cf. Blaylock 1995, 10-16), and thus are entirely lackin...

CHURCH OF ST. LEONARD

Type: Sites and monuments databases or inventories Publisher: Archaeology Data Service

The church appears on the early 13th century list of Exeter churches by Peter de Palerna (c.1214; Rose-Troup 1923, vi). In the 12th century the church was a chapel of ease for the manor of Exminster, on the opposite bank of the river (Cresswell 1908, 80); by the early 13th century St Leo...

MASONRY CURTAIN WALL OF INNER WARD OF CASTLE

Type: Sites and monuments databases or inventories Publisher: Archaeology Data Service

It has been assumed in the past that the initial phase of construction of the castle was confined to the erection of earthwork defences and the construction of the main gatehouse. Some evidence is visible for the stone gatehouse structure having been set within the scarp of the inner ban...