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WYNARDS ALMSHOUSES

Type: Sites and monuments databases or inventories Publisher: Archaeology Data Service

Wynards almshouses were converted into a fortified outwork of some importance during the Royalist siege, covering the line of the Magdalen Road, and overlooking the Shitbrook valley from the west. That Wynards was a defended site is known from documentary sources, which reveal that in Janu...

BRADNINCH BATTERY

Type: Sites and monuments databases or inventories Publisher: Archaeology Data Service

An inventory of Parliamentary ordnance installed around the circuit of the city walls drawn up by the Royalists upon the surrender of the city to Prince Maurice in 1643 includes a reference to weaponry positioned: ‘On Brodnidge battery on the walles neere the Castle, 1 mynyon neere – 1124’...

CASTLE, REPAIRS AND UPGRADING

Type: Sites and monuments databases or inventories Publisher: Archaeology Data Service

[Section Ext 4.7] (i) Coursed squared blocks of breccia (predominant) and a scattering of re-used volcanic trap and Triassic sandstone blocks. Straight joint where this work abuts 4.6 to south-east. The build incorporates some of the battered base below but the extent of this is obscured...

TRINITY CHURCHYARD ESTABLISHED IN SOUTHERNHAY, 1660S

Type: Sites and monuments databases or inventories Publisher: Archaeology Data Service

In 1664 a new municipal graveyard was established at the south end of Southernhay, the burial ground at Bartholomew Yard (itself established in 1637 to ease pressure on the cemetery in the cathedral close: see Monument No. 11269) having quickly become full. It lasted until the facilities...

HAYES BARTON

Type: Sites and monuments databases or inventories Publisher: Archaeology Data Service

‘During July Royalist soldiers took possession of St Thomas parish, occupying … the mansion of Hayes Barton (near present-day Flowerpot Lane). From these new positions the Cavaliers directed a punishing fire upon the citys western side, damaging several houses near West Gate. Eventually th...

QUAY BATTERY

Type: Sites and monuments databases or inventories Publisher: Archaeology Data Service

There is evidence for the construction of a battery in the area of the Quay, known as the ‘Quay battery’. The Royalist inventory of ordnance placed around the city wall circuit includes reference to ‘On the Key Battery, 2 mynyons of iron neere – 1211’ (Stoyle, M., 1996, From Deliverance to...

LARKBEARE HOUSE

Type: Sites and monuments databases or inventories Publisher: Archaeology Data Service

Larkbeare house, lying in the bottom of the Shutebrook valley between Mount Radford and the Southgate of the city, may have had fortifications constructed around it during the Royalist siege of Exeter in 1643. Mark Stoyle reports it as ‘another outlying position in this area that was held...

CASTLE, REPAIRS AND UPGRADING

Type: Sites and monuments databases or inventories Publisher: Archaeology Data Service

‘Section 3.4 int (ii) 2-3 courses of breccia blocks, well-coursed, probably the earliest facework build in this section’ (Blaylock, S.R., 1995, ‘Exeter City Wall Survey’, 41).Extant: Yes

BATTERIES AT THE CASTLE, NO. 1

Type: Sites and monuments databases or inventories Publisher: Archaeology Data Service

The Royalist inventory of ordnance placed around the city after the completion of the successful siege of September 1643 makes reference to batteries in place at the castle: ‘A list of all such guns as are now on the Castle Walles…on batteries. In the south east of the Castle, 2 high sacar...

DANES CASTLE (FAIRFAXS ENTRENCHMENT)

Type: Sites and monuments databases or inventories Publisher: Archaeology Data Service

During the Civil War, Dane’s Castle appears to have been used as a position for a battery or other siegework by the Royalists. It is marked as ‘Fairfax’s entrenchment’ on John Wood’s 1840 map of Exeter (REN 4387). In the closing days of the siege, Fairfax approached the city at the head o...